31 May 2010
30 May 2010
29 May 2010
27 May 2010
THE EXPLICATION OF TRUTH IN HISTORY
St. Thomas Aquinas solves the question as to whether the articles of faith have increased in the course of time by comparing them to the first principles of natural reason. He writes:
The articles of faith stand in the teaching of faith as principles known through themselves stand in the teaching of what is had by natural reason. A certain order is found in these principles. Some are implicitly contained in others… Thus it is to be said that, as regards the substance of the articles of faith, there has been no increase in them with the passing of time, since whatever things the later Fathers believe were contained in the faith of the earlier, even if implicitly. But as regards explication, the number of articles grew.
The rest of the paper is available via the link on the sidebar.
26 May 2010
25 May 2010
One of the most controversial statements of the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965) appears in Dignitatis humanæ (1965), the Council's Declaration on Religious Liberty:
This Vatican Council declares that the human person has a right to religious freedom. This freedom means that all men are to be immune from coercion on the part of individuals or of social groups and of any human power, in such wise that no one is to be forced to act in a manner contrary to his own beliefs, whether privately or publicly, whether alone or in association with others, within due limits.At first glance, this declaration seems radically incompatible with the Church's traditional social doctrine. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in particular, the papal magisterium has explicitly and repeatedly condemned "liberty of conscience" and "liberty of worship" as false doctrines, generally in connection with the idea that error has no rights; the popes have also taught unequivocally that states are morally obliged both to profess the truth of the Catholic faith and to repress religious error (that is, non-Catholic religions). Fidelity to the magisterium of the Church, both past and present, demands that these apparent contradictions be reconciled.
As Pope Benedict XVI indicated in his 2005 Christmas address to the Roman Curia, the Second Vatican Council cannot be rightly interpreted through a "hermeneutic of discontinuity and rupture," but only through a "hermeneutic of reform," that is, of renewal in continuity with the past. The proper interpretation of Dignitatis humanæ therefore also requires the application of a hermeneutic of continuity. That the declaration of the Second Vatican Council on religious liberty is reconcilable with the traditional social doctrine of the Church can and must be demonstrated through an interpretation which does not contradict Catholic tradition, but unfolds in its light.
24 May 2010
23 May 2010
20 May 2010
19 May 2010
18 May 2010
The Peasant of the Garonne by Jacques Maritain was written in 1966, within months of the close of the Second Vatican Council (1962-65).
The title is a reference to the Peasant of the Danube, a fable written by the 17th century French poet Jean de la Fontaine (1621-1695), in which a rustic German peasant travels to Rome and speaks quite bluntly to the Senate about the injustices which he and his people suffer at the hands of Rome. Since Maritain lived at Toulouse on the Garonne River in France, he calls himself a peasant of the Garonne, meaning that he intends to put his foot into his mouth, as he says, or to call a spade a spade in speaking about some of the problems of the present time. What follow therefore are the usually insightful if sometimes rambling critiques of an octogenarian who speaks his mind bluntly about some of the problems that he sees in the Church in the immediate aftermath of Vatican II... Read more.